RADIO PROTOCOLS FOR LTE AND LTE-ADVANCED · 1.2.5 LTE 1.3 Market Trend 1.4 Requirement of LTE 1.5 Overview of LTE Architecture 1.5.1 Network Architecture 1.5.2 QoS Architecture 1.5.3 - [PDF Document] (2024)

RADIO PROTOCOLS FOR LTE AND LTE-ADVANCED

Seungjune Yi

SungDuck Chun

YoungDae Lee

Sungjun Park

SungHoon Jung

LG Electronics, South Korea

WILEY

Contents

Foreword by Takehiro Nakamura

Preface

About the Authors

1 Introduction 1.1 3GPP 1.2 Evolutionary Path of 3GPP Systems

1.2.1 GSM 1.2.2 GPRS/EDGE 1.2.3 UMTS 1.2.4 HSPA 1.2.5 LTE

1.3 Market Trend 1.4 Requirement of LTE 1.5 Overview of LTE Architecture

1.5.1 Network Architecture 1.5.2 QoS Architecture 1.5.3 Radio Protocol Architecture of LTE

1.6 UE Capabilities References

2 Idle Mode Procedure 2.1 Idle Mode Functions 2.2 Services and Cell Categorization 2.3 UE States and State Transitions 2.4 PLMN Selection

2.4.1 Triggering of PLMN Selection 2.4.2 Search of Available PLMNs 2.4.3 PLMN Selection

2.5 Location Registration 2.6 Cell Selection

2.6.1 Cell Selection Criterion 2.6.2 Cell Selection upon RRC Connection Release

VI Contents

2.7 Cell Reselection 36 2.7.1 Measurement Rules 37 2.7.2 Reselection to a Neighboring Cell 39 2.7.3 Mobility State Dependent Scaling 41

2.8 Access Verification 43 2.8.1 Cell Barring Status and Cell Reservation Status 43

2.9 Paging Reception 44 References 45

3 Radio Resource Control (RRC) 47 3.1 RRC Functions and Architecture 48 3.2 System Information 50

3.2.1 Scheduling of System Information 50 3.2.2 System Information Update 54

3.3 Paging 55 3.4 Connection Establishment 56

3.4.1 Step 1: Access Class Barring 57 3.4.2 Step 2: Transmission of the RRCConnectionRequest Message 58 3.4.3 Step 3: Receipt of the RRCConnectionSetup Message 59 3.4.4 Step 4: Transmission of the RRCConnectionSetupComplete

Message 59 3.5 Security 60 3.6 RRC Connection Reconfiguration 63

3.6.1 SRB2 Establishment 63 3.6.2 DRB Establishment 63 3.6.3 Parallel Procedure with Security Activation 64

3.7 UE Capability Transfer 65 3.8 Intra-EUTRA Handover 65

3.8.1 Handover Preparation 66 3.8.2 Handover Execution 69 3.8.3 Handover Completion 71

3.9 Measurement Control 72 3.9.1 Measurement Configuration 73 3.9.2 Measurement Report Triggering 74 3.9.3 Measurement Reporting 75

3.10 RRC Connection Re-establishment 75 3.11 Inter-RAT Mobility 78

3.11.1 Inter-RAT Mobility from/to 3GPP Access Systems 78 3.11.2 Inter-RAT Mobility from/to CDMA2000 Systems 82

3.12 RRC Connection Release 84 Reference 85

4 Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) 87 4.1 PDCP Functions and Architecture 87 4.2 Header Compression 89

Contents

4.3 Security 4.3.1 Integrity Protection 4.3.2 Ciphering

4.4 Data Transfer 4.5 SDU Discard 4.6 Handover

4.6.7 SRB Behavior at Handover 4.6.2 UM DRB Behavior at Handover 4.6.3 AM DRB Behavior at Handover

4.7 PDCP PDU Formats 4.7.1 PDCP Data PDU Formats 4.7.2 PDCP Control PDU Formats

Reference

5 Radio Link Control (RLC) 5.1 RLC Functions and Architecture

5.1.1 Transparent Mode (TM) RLC 5.1.2 Unacknowledged Mode (UM) RLC 5.1.3 Acknowledged Mode (AM) RLC

5.2 Framing 5.3 Reordering 5.4 ARQ Operation

5.4.1 Polling 5.4.2 Status Reporting 5.4.3 Retransmission 5.4.4 Re-segmentation

5.5 Window Operation 5.5.1 UM RLC Window Operation 5.5.2 AM RLC Window Operation

5.6 SDU Discard 5.7 RLC Re-establishment 5.8 RLC PDU Formats

5.8.1 TMD PDU Format 5.8.2 UMD PDU Format 5.8.3 AMD PDU Format 5.8.4 AMD PDU Segment Format 5.8.5 STATUS PDU Format

Reference

6 Medium Access Control (MAC) 6.1 MAC Functions and Services 6.2 MAC Architecture 6.3 MAC Channels and Mapping

6.3.1 Transport Channels 6.3.2 Logical Channels 6.3.3 Channel Mapping

Contents

6.4 Scheduling 123 6.4.1 Dynamic Scheduling 124 6.4.2 Semi-Persistent Scheduling (SPS) 124

6.5 Scheduling Information Delivery 127 6.5.1 Buffer Status Reporting (BSR) 127 6.5.2 Scheduling Request (SR) 129 6.5.3 Power Headroom Report (PHR) 130

6.6 Logical Channel Prioritization (LCP) 130 6.7 Discontinuous Reception (DRX) 134 6.8 Hybrid-ARQ (HARQ) 138

6.8.1 HARQ in the Uplink 140 6.8.2 HARQ in the Downlink 140 6.8.3 TTI Bundling 140 6.8.4 Measurement Gap 142

6.9 Random Access (RA) Procedure 143 6.10 Time Alignment 145 6.11 MAC PDU Formats 146

6.11.1 MAC Control Elements (CEs) 148 6.11.2 MA С PD U for Random A ccess Response 149

Reference 149

Overview of LTE and LTE-Advanced New Features 151 7.1 Voice over LTE (VoLTE) 151 7.2 Home eNB (HeNB) 152 7.3 Public Warning System (PWS) 153 7.4 Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS) 153 7.5 Carrier Aggregation (CA) 154 7.6 Relay 155 7.7 Minimization of Drive Test (MDT) 156 7.8 Enhanced Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (elCIC) 156 7.9 Machine Type Communication (MTC) 157

Voice over LTE (VoLTE) 159 8.1 Voice Solutions for LTE 159

8.1.1 Ultimate Voice Solution 159 8.1.2 Interim Voice Solutions 160

8.2 IMS VoIP 162 8.2.1 IMS Profile 162 8.2.2 Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC) 164

8.3 Circuit-Switched Fallback (CSFB) 167 8.3.1 CSFB to UTRAN or GERAN 168 8.3.2 CSFB to CDMA2000 IxRTT 173

8.4 Service Domain Selection 178 8.4.1 UE Decision between IMS VoIP and CSFB 180

8.5 Comparison between IMS VoIP and CSFB 181

Contents ix

8.6 RAN Optimization for VoIP 8.6.1 Robust Header Compression (ROHC) 8.6.2 TTI Bundling 8.6.3 Semi-Persistent Scheduling for HARQ

References

181 182 182 183 183

Home eNB (HeNB) 9.1 Architectural Framework

9.1.1 Access Mode 9.1.2 Use Cases 9.1.3 High-level Requirements 9.1.4 Network Architecture

9.2 CSG Provisioning 9.2.1 CSG Subscription Data 9.2.2 CSG Member Status

9.3 System Information Related to CSG 9.3.1 CSG Identification Information 9.3.2 CSG Cell Deployment Information

9.4 Identification of CSG 9.4.1 Autonomous CSG Search 9.4.2 Manual CSG Selection

9.5 Mobility with CSG Cells 9.5.1 Mobility in RRCJDLE 9.5.2 Mobility in RRC_CONNECTED

9.6 Support for Hybrid Cells 9.6.7 Motivation 9.6.2 Features

References

185 186 186 187 188 189 189 190 190 190 191 192 193 193 193 194 194 196 200 200 201 203

10 Public Warning System (PWS) 10.1 Warning System Architecture

Warning Messages Delivery of Warning Messages on a Network 10.3.1 Warn ing Message Delivery Pro cedure 10.3.2 Warning Message Cancel Procedure Delivery of Warning Messages over the Radio Interface 10.4.1 PWS Notifications in System Information 10.4.2 Indication of PWS Notifications in Paging 10.4.3 Segmentation of Warning Messages

References

10.2 10.3

10.4

205 206 207 209 209 211 212 213 214 214 215

11 Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS) 11.1 MBMS Services 11.2 Architecture and Functions for MBMS 11.3 MBSFN Transmissions

217 217 218 221

X Contents

11.4 Radio Protocols for MBMS 222 11.4.1 Layers 1 and 2 for MBMS 222 11.4.2 Layer 3 for MBMS 224

11.5 MBMS Procedures 226 11.5.1 MBMS Session Start 226 11.5.2 MCCH Information Acquisition andMRB Configuration 228 11.5.3 MBMS Session Update 229 11.5.4 MBMS Session Stop 230 11.5.5 MRB Release 231

11.6 MBMS Enhancements in Releases 10 and 11 232 11.6.1 MBMS Counting 232 11.6.2 MBMS Service Continuity 234

References 235

12 Carrier Aggregation (CA) 237 12.1 Spectrum and Deployment Scenarios 240

12.1.1 Spectrum Scenarios 240 12.1.2 Deployment Scenarios 241

12.2 Cell Management 243 12.2.1 PCell and SCell 243 12.2.2 Signaling of Configuration Information 244 12.2.3 Linkages and References 244 12.2.4 Cross-Carrier Scheduling 245 12.2.5 Extended Measurements 247 12.2.6 SCell Management 250 12.2.7 Mobility with Carrier Aggregation 250

12.3 Extended MAC Functions 251 12.3.1 SCell Activation and Deactivation 251 12.3.2 Power Headroom Reporting (PHR) 253 12.3.3 Logical Channel Prioritization (LCP) 256 12.3.4 Buffer Status Report (BSR) 257 12.3.5 Discontinuous Reception (DRX) 258 12.3.6 Semi-Persistent Scheduling (SPS) 258

References 259

13 Relay 261 13.1 Deployment Scenarios 261 13.2 Network Architecture for the Relay Node 262 13.3 Types of Relay Node 264

13.3.1 Layer Performing Relaying 264 13.3.2 Frequency Separation of Uu and Un Links 266

13.4 Relay Node-Specific Operation 267 13.4. J Bearer Mapping 267 13.4.2 Integrity Protection for a UnDRB 268 13.4.3 RN Subframe Configuration 270

Contents xi

13.4.4 Update of System Information 271 13.4.5 RN Reconfiguration Procedure 271

13.5 Relay Node Start-Up Procedure 272 13.6 Simplified Operation of Release 10 Relay Node 274 References 275

14 Minimization of Driving Test (MDT) 277 14.1 Architectural Framework 278

14.1.1 Use Cases 279 14.1.2 Initiation of the MDT Task with UE Selection 280 14.1.3 Collection of MDT Measurement Results 281

14.2 Logged MDT 281 14.2.1 Configuration Phase 283 14.2.2 Logging Phase 284 14.2.3 Reporting Phase 286

14.3 Immediate MDT 289 14.3.1 Configuration Phase 290 14.3.2 Measurement and Evaluation Phase 291 14.3.3 Reporting Phase 291 14.3.4 MDT Context Transfer 291

References 292

15 Enhanced Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (elCIC) 293 15.1 Heterogeneous Network Deployment 293

15.1.1 Interference in Heterogeneous Networks 295 15.1.2 Limitation of Frequency Domain ICIC 296

15.2 CA-basedICIC 298 15.3 Time Domain ICIC 299

15.3.1 Restricted Measurements 300 15.3.2 Macro-Pico Cell Scenario 301 15.3.3 Macro-Femto Cell Scenario 303 15.3.4 Network Configuration 303

References 304

16 Machine Type Communication (MTC) 305 16.1 Overload Control for MTC 305

16.1.1 Overload Control in Release 8 306 16.1.2 Core Network Overload Control in Release 10 307 16.1.3 RAN Overload Control in Release 11 310

16.2 MTC Features in 3GPP 311 References 312

Index 313

RADIO PROTOCOLS FOR LTE AND LTE-ADVANCED · 1.2.5 LTE 1.3 Market Trend 1.4 Requirement of LTE 1.5 Overview of LTE Architecture 1.5.1 Network Architecture 1.5.2 QoS Architecture 1.5.3 - [PDF Document] (2024)
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